Landscape with Merchants
oil on canvas
97.2 x 143.6 cm (38 1/4 x 56 9/16 in)
Robert Trevor Hampden, 1st viscount Hampden [1705-1783], by 1771;  by inheritance to his son, Thomas Trevor Hampden, 2nd viscount Hampden [1746-1824]; probably by inheritance to his brother, John Trevor Hampden, 3rd viscount Hampden [1749-1824]; probably by inheritance to his wife, Harriet, viscountess Hampden [née Burton, d. 1829]; by inheritance to Jane Maria, viscountess Hampden [second wife of the 2nd Viscount, d. 1833], either from her husband, his brother the 3rd viscount, or the 3rd viscount's wife; (Hampden sale, Christie & Manson, London, 19 April 1834, no. 85); purchased by Mr. Brown. (sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 18 December 1920, no. 38). (Galerie Jean Charpentier, Paris), by 1926.  (Wildenstein & Co., Paris, New York, and London); sold 1947 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1952 to NGA.  By compliance with the will of John Hampden, his maternal great-grandfather, Robert Trevor assumed the name and arms of Hampden; he was created viscount Hampden of Hampden in 1776, at which time he changed his family name from Trevor to Hampden. Trevor's name is on a 1771 reproductive print of the painting.  Marcel Röthlisberger, Claude Lorrain: The Paintings, 2 vols., New Haven, 1961: 1:535.