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Jacques-Louis David
Madame David

oil on canvas
72.9 x 59.4 cm (28 11/16 x 23 3/8 in)
Bequeathed in 1826 by the sitter, Marguerite-Charlotte David, née Pécoul [1764-1826],[1] to her daughter, Baronne Claude-Marie Meunier, née Laure-Emilie-Félicité David [1786-1863], Calais; [2] her daughter-in-law, Baronne Jules Meunier, née Pauline Derode [1824-1903], Calais; the artist's great-granddaughter, Mme. Marius Bianchi, née Mathilde Jeanin, by 1913; [3] her daughter, Caroline-Pauline-Thérèse, Comtesse Joachim Murat [1870-1940], by 1930; [4] her sister, Renée, vicomtesse de Fleury [1869-1948]; (Pierre Cailleux, Paris), 1948-1953. [5] Jointly owned from 1953 by (Otto Wertheimer [Galerie les Tourettes], Paris) and (M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York); [6] sold 1954 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1961 to NGA. [1] In a chronological list of his works which David drew up in about 1815 ("Liste B"), Madame David figures in next-to-last place as "Le portrait de Me David mon épouse" (Schnapper, Antoine, et al., Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825, exh. cat. Louvre and Versailles, Paris, 1989: 20). [2] Mme David's last will, dated 6 March 1826 (Paris, Archives Nationales, Minutier Central, CVIII, 1013; Wildenstein, Daniel, and Guy Wildenstein, Documents complémentaires au catalogue de l'oeuvre de Louis David, Paris, 1973: 239, no. 2045), and the posthumous inventory of her possessions, dated 27 June 1826 (CVIII, 1014; Wildenstein and Wildenstein 1973: 247, no. 2071; Schnapper et al. 1989: 636), both mention this portrait and indicate that it had been bequeathed to Baronne Emilie Meunier, her daughter. [3] David et ses elèves, Petit Palais, Paris, 1913, no. 56. [4] Richard Cantinelli, Jacques-Louis David, Paris, 1930: 113, no. 132. [5] The painting was lent by Cailleux to the 1952-1953 exhibition Meisterwerke de französichen Malerei von Poussin bis Ingres, shown at the Kunsthalle, Hamberg, and the Alter Pinakothek, Munich. [6] See M. Knoedler & Co. Records, accession number 2012.M.54, Research Library, Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles: stock book no. 10, p. 115, no. A5477, and sales book no. 17, both as Portrait of Mme David (copies in NGA curatorial files).
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