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Giovanni di Paolo
The Annunciation and Expulsion from Paradise

c. 1435
tempera on panel
40 x 46.4 cm (15 3/4 x 18 1/4 in)
Sir William John Farrer, London, by 1866; [1] purchased in or before 1868 by Sir John Charles Robinson [1824-1913], London; [2] (his sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 19 April 1902, no. 73); purchased by (Charles Fairfax Murray [1849-1919], London and Florence) for Robert Henry [1850-1929] and Evelyn Holford [1856-1943] Benson, London and Buckhurst Park, Sussex; [3] sold 1927 with the Benson collection to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); [4] sold May 1936 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; [5] gift 1939 to NGA. [1] The panel is cited under this location by Joseph Archer Crowe and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle, A New History of Painting in Italy, from the II to the XVI Century, 3 vols., London, 1864-1866: 3:80 n. 6. See also Tancred Borenius, Catalogue of Italian Pictures at 16 South Street, Park Lane, London and Buckhurst in Sussex Collected by Robert and Evelyn Benson, London, 1914: 13. Farrer is recorded by Gustav Friedrich Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain, 3 vols., London, 1854: 2:338, among other "picture dealers in London." Waagen does not, however, mention NGA 1939.1.223. [2] See J.C. Robinson, Memoranda on Fifty Pictures, London, 1868: 2. [3] See Fern Rusk Shapley, Catalogue of the Italian Paintings, 2 vols., Washington, D.C., 1979: 1:224. It is known that Murray acted frequently as agent for Robert H. Benson; this must have been the case also at the Robinson sale. In fact, Benson's notes on the painting's history read: "Bought at Christie's after a contest with G. Salting" (transcript provided in 1976 by his grandson, Peter Wake, and in NGA curatorial files). "G. Salting" was George Salting, owner of another well-known collection of early Italian paintings in London. [4] See Robert Langton Douglas, "I dipinti senesi della collezione Benson passati da Londra in America." Rassegna d'Arte Senese e del Costume 1/5, no. 3 (May-June 1927): 103, and also Edward Fowles, Memories of Duveen Brothers, London, 1976: 183. [5] The Duveen Brothers letter confirming the sale of thirteen paintings and one sculpture, including NGA 1939.1.223, is dated 18 May 1936; the provenance is given as "Benson Coll'n" (copy in NGA curatorial files; Box 474, Folder 5, Duveen Brothers Records, accession number 960015, Research Library, Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles).
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